Chukwuemeka Castro Nwabuzor (Research Fellow, NIALS)

The objectives of the Administration of Criminal Justice Act (ACJA), 2015 as captured in section 1 ACJA include the promotion of  efficient management of criminal justice institutions, speedy dispensation of justice, protection of the society from crime, and protection the rights and the interest of the defendant and the victim  indicate a deliberate shift from punishment as the main goal of the criminal justice to restorative justice which pays attention to the needs of the society, the victims, vulnerable persons and respect for human dignity (Yemi Akinseye-George, ‘An Overview of the Changes and Application of the Administration of Criminal Justice Act, 2015’ in Adedeji Adekunle, et al, Issues on Criminal Justice Administration in Nigeria (NIALS Publication, 2016) 3-4). The provisions of sections 321, 341 and 342 of ACJA are demonstrative of the paradigm shift of the ACJA to restorative justice.



Patent system is generally regarded as a catalyst for technological and socio-economic development through the workings of useful patents for the overall benefit of the society. By securing proprietary rights in patented invention, the patent system encourages research and development (R&D) needed for the promotion of innovative and inventive enterprise.



Kenechi Mbajiorgu (Research Fellow 2 @ NIALS)

Recession, stagnation, inflation, even stagflation are negatives that have become familiar with respect to descriptions of the current status of the Nigerian economy. An economy is said to be in recession when there is a decline of the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) for two consecutive quarters within one economic year.



Ebele Ogwuda (Assistant Research Fellow @ NIALS)

Election is considered to be one of the key drivers of democracy because it engenders smooth transition in government, sustenance of democracy, accountability and transparency in governance. It involves a formal decision-making process by which the people select candidates that will occupy elective posts.
It is against this background that the Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC) was established under section 153 of the 1999 Constitution (as amended) and Section 1 of the Electoral (Amendment) Act, 2011 as an independent body solely responsible for conducting and coordinating elections and other ancillary matters in Nigeria. The role of INEC in the electoral process in Nigeria can therefore not be overemphasized.


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