Globally, millions of people each year come face to face with criminal justice system because they are suspected or accused of crime. Many are arrested and detained at police station or other law enforcement facility. Some are released while significant proportions are held in custody pending determination of guilt or innocence and unfortunately some are lost in the system.
The seminar on Governance structure of Not-For-Profit Organisations was held on the 26th of October 2017 at the Board room of the Yar’adua centre. The Guest speaker for the Event was Mr Joshua Mintz, The vice president and Chief Legal Counsel of the Mac Arthur Foundation.
Corruption - a universal phenomenon which dates back many centuries, continues to undermine the overall integrity of countries considered corrupt. Consistently ranked among the most corrupt country in the world by Transparency International, corruption in Nigeria seems to have defied solution, despite the arrays of legislations and the punishment attached to it.
By Esther Hatsiwa (Mrs)
(LLB, BL, LLM RESEARCH FELLOW 11 NIALS LAGOS)
The phenomenon of internal displacement has always existed; it however became the subject of significant concern for the international community only recently, with crisis and sectarian violence in most continents of the world. Most International Instruments maintain that internally displaced persons are not refugees because they are still within their country of origin, as they have not crossed a national frontier. Thus, if persecuted individuals cross their national border, an elaborate system of international law and institutions comes into play for their protection, however if they remain within the national border they are not considered refugees, hence are not entitled to such protection. IDP’s may however be given ad hoc protection if the United Nations General Assembly requests the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) to render its 'good office' to assist, or if the Security Council so directs.
Chukwuemeka Castro Nwabuzor (Research Fellow, NIALS)
The objectives of the Administration of Criminal Justice Act (ACJA), 2015 as captured in section 1 ACJA include the promotion of efficient management of criminal justice institutions, speedy dispensation of justice, protection of the society from crime, and protection the rights and the interest of the defendant and the victim indicate a deliberate shift from punishment as the main goal of the criminal justice to restorative justice which pays attention to the needs of the society, the victims, vulnerable persons and respect for human dignity (Yemi Akinseye-George, ‘An Overview of the Changes and Application of the Administration of Criminal Justice Act, 2015’ in Adedeji Adekunle, et al, Issues on Criminal Justice Administration in Nigeria (NIALS Publication, 2016) 3-4). The provisions of sections 321, 341 and 342 of ACJA are demonstrative of the paradigm shift of the ACJA to restorative justice.