Transnational organized crime is considered as one of the major threats to human security, impeding the social, economic, political and cultural development of societies worldwide. As the world develops on daily basis, it ironically causes a boost in transnational crimes.
Gangsterism has been identified as the major factor responsible for the rising rate of violence and crimes in Nigeria and other parts of the world. It connote being affiliated with, or belonging to criminal gangs who perpetuate acts of violence. Where such gangs become systematic, they are then described as gangs that commit organized crime. Gangsterism is divided into two broad categories i.e gangsterism in higher institutions and gangsterism in the larger society, for the purpose of defining the consequences of their actions. Those in high institutions manifests itself in cultism albeit it not being cultism in the true sense of the word, while those in the larger society manifest in the form of armed robberies, human, drugs and arms trafficking, terrorism etc. Gang crimes are dynamic, change over time and become more sophisticated as can be seen in the nature of execution of armed robberies, financial crimes and terrorist attacks.
According to the United Nation’s Food and Agricultural Organisation, “Food security exists when all people, at all times, have physical, social and economic access to sufficient, safe and nutritious food to meet their dietary needs and food preferences for an active and healthy life.” Thus, one of the primary achievements of man is the ability to provide sufficient quality food for human consumption.
The Nigerian Civil Service is the machinery through which the government of Nigeria, at all levels, implements its policies, designed to meet political aims and provide social services. The performance of the Nigerian Civil Service is critical to the socio-economic and political development of Nigeria given the dominance of Government in Nigeria. Civil Servants regardless of seniority, translate visions, policies, etc established by the political leadership into concrete actions that impact on all of us.
Nigeria adopted a seminal piece of legislation to promote openness and transparency when it passed its Freedom of Information Act (FoIA) in May 2011. The Act, like its predecessors from around the world, makes a lion’s share of information on publicly-funded projects available to any person who requests it. It places on the State an affirmative duty to disclose information and a negative duty to not obstruct the free flow of information to the public. In a post 9/11 era, however, the realization of freedom of information in any country is complicated by the realities of many newly heightened national security interests. On one hand, we have the public’s interest in information, which this must be balanced against constantly evolving security interests.
Nigerian Institute of Advanced Legal Studies (University of Lagos Campus)
P.M. B. 12820 Lagos,
Supreme Court of Nigeria Complex
Three Arms Zone Central District Abuja.